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Priya De

Fanon's Wretched of the Earth

Socialism 2019

This historic work manages to express both a righteous fury at the many crimes of colonialism and a sophisticated analysis of the struggle needed against it. Beginning with an unflinching defence of armed resistance and a strong moral call for solidarity and resistance, the book captures much of the radicalism of the liberation movements of which he was a part. At the same time Fanon articulates a surprisingly critical take on bourgeois nationalism and the undemocratic institutions of post-colonial governments, arguing for the need for the third world to go beyond capitalism towards further liberation. It is impossible to read this text without being deeply impressed by his foresight regarding the degeneration of the post-colonial regimes. However, Fanon was ultimately unable to transcend the limits of his Maoist framework.